The Republic of Bulgaria / spanning across an area of 111 thousands square m., with population of 7,364 million / is located in the Balkan Peninsula, South-East Europe. It borders with Romania in the north; Serbia and Republic of Macedonia in the west; Greece in the south and Turkey in the south-east. It’s east shore is washed by the waves of the Black Sea. The total length of the country’s border is 2245 km, of which 1181 km – terrestrial, 686 km - river (mostly along the Danube), and 378 km – the sea border. Because of its location, the country plays the role of a bridge between East and West.
Bulgaria has a temperate climate, with cold winters and hot summers. The barrier effect of the Stara Planina / the longest mountain range in the country, dividing the territory into northern and southern parts / has a strong influence on the climate in the whole country - Northern Bulgaria has lower temperatures and more rainfall, in comparison with its southern part. The nature is extremely various, about 35% of the country's total area is covered by forests, there are 3 national parks, 55 nature reserves, 11 natural parks, protected areas, many mineral springs, rivers, lakes, impressive beach line on the Black Sea coast.
By studying the paradisiacal spots, you will meet a lot of cultural and historical memorials - churches, ancient cities, treasures and monuments of different eras ...Bulgarian lands are the heirs of one of the most ancient cultural wealth in Europe. For example, Varna treasure /V. - beg. IV millennium BC./, belonging to the Varna culture is the oldest processed gold in the world. One of the oldest Bulgarian cultural monuments – inscribed in the UNESCO World Cultural Heritage (UNESCO), is the Madara Horseman (VIII century).
The first Bulgarian capital– the city of Pliska built on the Roman sample, with thick walls enclosing palaces, churches and temples, baths, and other public buildings and its architectural style is interwoven with elements of Central Asia and the Middle East. After the adoption of Christianity and the accession to the throne of Tsar Simeon the Great, the capital and cultural center of the Bulgarian country moved to the city of Preslav.The subsequent period is known as the Golden Age of Bulgaria, where the Bulgarian culture reached its first heyday. Golden church in Preslav, Great Basilica in Pliska, whose length along with the Peristyle / courtyard with a colonnade / is almost a hundred meters, the church "St. Sofia "in Ohrid and Sredets, " St. Stefan " in Nesebar and Preslav ceramic - only a part of these achievements.
After the fall of the First Bulgarian Empire under Byzantine rule (1018 - 1185/86), the influence of the Byzantine Empire in the Bulgarian Art is enhanced. It stopped with the restoration of Bulgaria in 1185. Turnovo became the capital of the Second Bulgarian Kingdom and was transformed into a new political and cultural center not only in medieval Bulgaria, but also in the whole Balkan Peninsula. Contemporaries describe Tarnovo as the new Jerusalem, Rome and Constantinople together.
In the Bulgarian culture in general there is a strong oriental influence because of Ottoman rule. Bulgaria missed the progressive course of the European Renaissance, the Reformation, the Enlightenment and the 19th century. Bulgarian national renaissancel era is a cultural and historical period characterized by the revival of the Bulgarian traditions, but it is outside the elite culture, typical of Western European countries.
Each historical period has left a rich cultural heritage, in theform of of fortifications, palaces, churches, baths, tombs, and others. Part of it is opened and studied, but there are parts of it which are yet to be discovered.
Opportunities for cultural, sea, ski and spa tourism, the friendly people and the low prices attract tourists and investors from European countries - Great Britain, Poland, France, Italy, the Nordic countries, Russia, Ukraine and others. Many of them associate their decision to buy their "second home" in Bulgaria –apartment or house – with stunning nature, peaceful life, culture and hospitable Bulgarians. Important preconditions are also legal and the rule of law, which strongly approach the European one. Many foreign citizens accommodate in the country for business and investment purposes.
Bulgaria is one of the founders of the Organization of the Black Sea Economic Cooperation and the Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe; also a member country of the UN, Council of Europe, the European Union and NATO. According to Cushman&Wakefield company’s annual index ranking of production in emerging market economies, Bulgaria ranks third in the classifying of the most promising countries in the world in 2015.